Gregorian Chant: Bibiliography of Gregorian chant
Date: Wed, 13 Sep 1995 10:14:43 -0100
From: chapmac(a)SWOSU.EDU (Charles Chapman)
Subject: Long answer to Gregorian Chant Question
For list members interested in the questions concerning performance of
Gregorian Chant I have appended a recent bibliography on the subject.
There will be a session, with demo choir, on this subject at the
Southwestern Division ACDA convention in March, in Dallas, Texas.
Persons interested in chant DO need the Liber Usualis, simply because it is
the only printed source for some chants. It is permanently out-of-print,
(not in publishing plans of either Solesmes or GIA) but copies still
circulate. Most recommended books are Graduale Triplex, (which is Graduale
Romanum with non-diastematic notation); Antiphonale Monasticum; and Liber
Cantualis for simpler chants. In order to interpret the oldest neums you
will need the Gregorian Semiology, also.
A Selected Bibliography of Books Related to the Performance of
Dr. Charles Chapman, Southwestern Oklahoma State University
Revised July, 1995General Information
Apel, Willi. Gregorian Chant. Burns Oates & Washbourne, Ltd., London, 1958.
For a long time this was the best general resource available. It is still
indispensable reading, but you should now use it with care in light of
research of the last 35 years.
Cardine, O. S. B., Dom Eugène, trans. by Tortolano, William. Beginning
Studies in Gregorian Chant. Published in French in 1975 by Abbey of
Solesmes. Translation, G.I.A. Publications, 1988. The opening pages are a
good introduction to square notation. The body of the book is a discussion
of chant for the more advanced student. It contains an excellent
discussion of the aesthetics of chant.
Cardine, Dom Eugène, trans. by Fowells, Robert M. Gregorian Semiology.
Abbaye Saint-Pierre de Solesmes, Solesmes, France, 1982. A thorough and
systematic study of the non-diastematic neumes of St. Gall and Laon and
their relationship to traditional square notation. Study of this material
will allow the conductor to update the Vatican Edition scores, and correct
omissions and errors. Of particular interest to persons who learned chant
rules in the 1950s, is the new information concerning repercussed neumes
and the performance of the quilisma.
Chapman, Charles W. Look Out, Roy! That Quilisma's Got Teeth!. Chorus!,
April, 1995, Vol. 7, #5, pp. 10-12. A short introduction to study sources
for beginners in chant literature and notation. Select bibliography
includes performance sources for English texts.
Fowells, Robert M. A New Look at Gregorian Chant. Choral Journal,
December, 1992, pp. 15 - 19. Read this first. A good introduction to the
Gangwere, Blanche. Music History from the Late Roman through the Gothic
Periods, 313-1425. Westport, Connecticut, Greenwood Press, 1986. Pretty
good outline for persons who want quick, checklist information.
Hiley, David. Western Plainchant. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1993. The
newest resource in this field. It is complete and expensive! ($85.00). Of
particular interest is the discussion of the development of Gregorian
chant, which divorces the chant from supposed Jewish connections.
Hoppin, Richard H. Medieval Music. W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., New York,
1978. A fine discussion of chant, with many illustrations and good musical
examples in modern notation. It contains some outdated information
concerning chant rhythm.
Hourlier, Dom Jacques. La Notation Musicale des Chante Liturgiques Latins.
Abbaye Saint-Pierre de Solesmes, Solesmes, France, 1960. Many examples
of chant notation from the various Continental schools, with explanations.
An English edition is nearly ready.
Hughes, Andrew. Medieval Manuscripts for Mass and Office. University of
Toronto Press, Toronto, 1982. This is now out-of-print. It is an
excellent source to help you to organize the liturgy of the middle ages and
to identify music and texts.
Jeffers, Ron. Translations and Annotations of Choral Repertoire, Vol. 1,
Sacred Latin Texts. Earthsongs, Corvallis, Oregon, 1988. Address of
Earthsongs: 220 NW 29th Street; Corvallis, OR 97330. One of the most
useful books to appear in the last ten years for the conductor who works
with Latin texts. Contains word-by-word translations, historical notes,
and liturgical notes. Latin perfectionists may quarrel with his
translation of perfect tenses.
O'Connor, Joseph. Gregorian Chant Restoration and Solesmes. The American
Organist, May, 1992, pp. 58 - 65. An excellent historical summary of the
role of the monastery of St. Pierre in the modern restoration of the chant.
Rastall, Richard. The Notation of Western Music. St. Martin's Press, New
York, 1982. Excellent overview of the history of notation. The discussion
of non-diastematic notation is the most recent available in this kind of
Rayburn, John. Gregorian Chant, a History of the Controversy Concerning its
Rhythm. Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut. A 1981 reprint of the
1964 edition. A good historical summary of the problem, but written before
Dom Cardine's work.
Scores (Latin text) for Performance or Study
Abbaye Saint-Pierre de Solesmes. Gradulae Sacrosanctae Romanae Ecclesiae
de Tempore & de Sanctis. Desclée & Co., Tournai, Belgium, 1974. This is
the father of Graduale Triplex. It is the best Vatican edition of its
time. It is a good source for uncluttered scores. Address of Abbey: 72300
Sablé sur Sarthe, France.
Abbaye Saint-Pierre de Solesmes. Gradulae Triplex. Abbaye Saint-Pierre de
Solesmes, Solesmes, France, 1973. The Vatican edition of a large number of
the common chants for the Eucharist, with St. Gall neumes in red, below,
and Laon neumes in black, above. There are a few editorial [ ]
Abbaye Saint-Pierre de Solesmes. Liber Cantualis. Abbaye Saint-Pierre de
Solesmes, France, 1978. Collection of the most popular (and easiest)
chants, hymns, and settings of the ordinary for congregation's use at
Eucharist and at offices. All texts in Latin. This is the best first
singing book for beginners.
Abbaye Saint-Pierre de Solesmes, eds. The Liber Usualis with Introduction
and Rubrics in English. Gregorian Institute of America, Toledo, Ohio,
1954. Now out of print, the Liber was for over fifty years the best
collection of psalms, chants, and settings for the offices and the ordinary
of the mass. There are still many used copies available to the book
hunter. Try to buy the most recent copy possible. Contrary to rumor it is
not scheduled for republication.
Abbaye Saint-Pierre de Solesmes. Psalterium Monasticum. Abbaye
Saint-Pierre de Solesmes, Solesmes, France, 1981. The complete psaltery in
Latin for all the offices of the monastic day.
Psalm Settings in English to Traditional Tones
Church Hymnal Corporation Psalm Settings to English texts for Responsorial
Psalm Singing. Set of four books. Psalms in English for solo cantor to
intone to traditional formulas and tones, with congregation's responses for
use in Eucharist. The responses are sometimes too elaborate and must be
recomposed for the Sunday morning use of the average congregation. Each
book has tear-out sheets and authorization for photocopying if the book is
purchased. Price of each book is c. $15.00.
Church Hymnal Corporation. The Hymnal 1940. Church Hymnal Corporation,
New York. The immediate past hymnal of the Episcopal Church contains the
largest number of good adaptations of chant to English translations, most
accomplished by Canon Winifred Douglas, who studied at Solesmes. It uses
Church Hymnal Corporation. The Hymnal 1982. Church Hymnal Corporation,
New York, 1985. The current hymnal of the Episcopal Church--a good second
source, but too beguiled by the mensuralists.
Crocker, Richard. Gradual Psalms, Alleluia Verses, and Tracts for Year A.
Church Hymnal Series VI, Part I. Church Hymnal Corporation, New York,
Crocker, Richard. Gradual Psalms, Alleluia Verses, and Tracts for Year B.
Church Hymnal Series VI, Part II. Church Hymnal Corporation, New York,
Crocker, Richard. Gradual Psalms, Alleluia Verses, and Tracts for Year C.
Church Hymnal Series VI, Part III. Church Hymnal Corporation, New York,
Crocker, Richard. Gradual Psalms, Alleluia Verses, and Tracts for Holy
Days, Various Occasions, Pastoral Offices and Episcopal Services. Church
Hymnal Series VI, Part IV. Church Hymnal Corporation, New York, 1981.
Litton, James, ed. The Plainsong Psalter. The Church Hymnal Corporation,
New York, 1988. Choir and congregation psalms for the offices. Each text
pointed and set to one traditional tone.
Abbaye St. Pierre de Solesmes; F-72300 Sablé-sur-Sarthe, France.
Church Hymnal Corporation; 800 Second Avenue; New York, NY 10017.
G.I.A. Publications, Inc.; 7404 South Mason Ave.; Chicago, IL 60638. Phone
Paraclete Press; PO Box 1568; Orleans, Massachusetts 02613. Phone (800)
Southwestern Oklahoma State Univ